Stage 5 Content (Yr.9 & 10)

Year 9 Science


Term 1 - Energy

Discovering how everyday appliances are able to enrich of lives is a must for modern society. This topic will endeavour to enhance students understanding of waves, circuits and lights which enable appliances to function.


Students learn to:

  • Define Energy
  • Describe and Discuss Waves in Relation to Energy
  • Label and Identify the Features of Waves
  • Identify and Describe the Different Types of Electromagnetic Radiation
  • Describe Everyday Uses of Electromagnetic Radiation
  • Design, Construct and Draw Circuits Containing a Number of Components
  • Describe Voltage Resistance and Current
  • Draw and Compare Series and Parallel Circuits
  • Describe Light Energy and its Properties, Including Absorption, Reflection and Refraction


Term 2 – Source the Resource

Ecosystems are important phenomena which enable life to be sustained on Earth. During this topic students will investigate the impact of humans on various ecosystems and determine how they can reduce their "footprint" on this Earth.


Students learn to:

  • Define an Ecosystem
  • Define the Terms Abiotic and Biotic and Relate this to Ecosystems
  • Describe Impacts of Human Activities on Ecosystems
  • Discuss the Importance of Energy As a Resource
  • Discuss and Compare Natural and Man-Made Resources
  • Describe Ways in Which Technology has Increased the Variety of Resources
  • Discuss Waste from Resources and its Effect on the Environment
  • Discuss Ways to Reduce Waste
  • Evaluate The Impact of Resources and Technology on the Environment


Term 3 – Dynamic Earth in Space

Our solar system consists of eight planets which are all unique and all have their own orbits and moons. Students will be researching and developing knowledge during this topic to give a better understanding of our place in the universe.


Students learn to:

  • Describe Current Theories on the Origins of the Universe
  • Describe Evidence for Current Theories on the Origins of the Universe
  • Describe and Explain Ways in Which Scientists Obtain Information about the Universe
  • Describe Features of the Universe
  • Describe the Structure of the Earth
  • Describe the Life of a Star
  • Explain and Describe Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift
  • Explain Tectonics in Relation to Natural Events
  • Discuss the Impacts of Natural events on the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere and/or biosphere.


Term 4 – The Atoms Family

The periodic Table of the elements is fundamental in Science. In this topic students will learn about Atomic Structure and the history of the atom. They will also learn about the history of the Periodic Table and its uses in modern Chemistry.


Students learn to:

  • Define an Atom and Elements
  • Describe, using models, the structure of atoms
  • Outline the historical development of atomic theory
  • Identify that atoms are made of protons neutrons and electrons
  • Distinguish between atoms of some common elements
  • Describe the organisation of elements in the Periodic Table
  • Outline how working scientifically contributed to developing the Periodic Table
  • Use the Periodic Table to predict the properties of common elements
  • Identify natural radioactivity
  • Evaluate medical and industrial uses of nuclear energy


Year 10 Science


Term1 – The Building Blocks of Life

DNA is considered the building block of all life on Earth.  But does DNA alone determine how an organism functions and interacts in its environment? In this unit students will investigate the role of genetics, biotechnology and the environment to determine their impact on how organisms function.


Students learn to:

  • Revise Cell Theory Including the Role and Function of Organelles
  • Describe the Watson-Crick Model of DNA
  • Define Chromosomes, Genes, DNA and Bases
  • Discuss the Advantages of DNA Replicating Exactly
  • Discuss the Advantages and Disadvantages of DNA Mutating
  • Identify the Role of Genes and Environmental Factors in Determining the Features of an Organism
  • Describe and Discuss the Benefits and Problems of Using Biotechnology
  • Discuss Evidence that Present Day Organisms have Evolved from Organisms of the Past Relate Natural Selection to the Theory of Evolution.


Term 2 – Crash

Every time you take a ride in the car forces are involved! Speed, acceleration and forces can all be investigated to determine the cause of a crash. This unit will endeavour to look at the laws of physics that are applied to daily life.


Students learn to:

  • Review Measurement and Converting Units
  • Define Speed, Velocity, Distance, Displacement and Acceleration
  • Calculate an Object's Speed and/or Velocity
  • Calculate an Object's Acceleration
  • Describe Newton's Three Laws of Motion and their Applications
  • Discuss the Impact of Newton's Laws on Society
  • Distinguish Between Mass and Weight


Term 3 – Chemicals

Millions of chemical reactions occur every second! This unit will enrich students understanding of the different types of chemical reactions and how they are used in our everyday lives.


Students learn to:

  • Define Atoms, Elements, Molecules and Compounds
  • Use the Periodic Table to Classify Elements
  • Describe the Properties of Acids, Bases and Salts
  • Use Chemical Notation for Compounds
  • Construct and Recognise Simple Chemical Equations
  • Balance Simple Chemical Equations
  • Discuss and Describe Atomic Theory and its History
  • Describe the Role of Indicators
  • Describe and Discuss the Formation and Use of Isotopes


Term 4 – Technology  and Revision

This unit will review and enhance students scientific knowledge and understanding of how technology affects everyday life!


Students learn to:

  • Discuss and Describe Simple Machines
  • Discuss the Impact of Technology on Society
  • Review Scientific Method
  • Complete all assessments in order to obtain The Record of School Achievement (ROSA)
  • Review Content for End of Year Exams


*Please note, the information contained on these pages is subject to change. Whilst every effort is made to ensure the content is updated and correct we recommend you consult the Head Teacher of each faculty to ensure up to date and accurate information.